Cannabidiol – The Complete Resource on CBD

Everything you need to know about CBD (Cannabidiol)

What you’ll learn in this CBD oil guide

This guide is intended for anyone interested in learning more about CBD oil. The supplement has hit the market like a storm, and it can be difficult to discern fact from fiction. Adding to this confusion is the numerous and debatable medical research published on CBD oil. Some proclaim it’s a miracle cure, while others are a whole lot more sceptical.

The important thing to remember is that this is the case for nearly all supplements, especially when they’re new to the market. All established medicine was experimental at some point. You’ll have to take what you learn into consideration and decide for yourself. Also, remember that every body reacts differently to a supplement – just because something worked for a friend doesn’t automatically mean it’ll work for you.

In this guide, we’ll go through the following:

  • What cannabidiol (CBD oil) is
  • The difference between THC and CBD (the main components of cannabis) in your body
  • What hemp is
  • Medical research on the effect of cannabidiol on different diseases
  • The legal matters surrounding the production and sale of CBD oil

Finally, the information you find in this article should not be substituted with advice you’re given by a medical professional. Although we’ve tried to do our research as best we can, this is in no way professional medical advice and should not be treated accordingly

The Complete Resource on CBD

What is cannabidiol?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of two main components of the plant cannabis, the other being THC, and accounts for as much as 40% of the extract. Cannabis consists of at least 113 cannabinoids, with researchers still discovering new ones.

structural formulas THC -CBD


CBD is a chemical compound that reacts with the cannabinoid receptors in our body. These are part of the Endocannabinoid system, which triggers a range of psychological processes in the brain. Some of them are appetite, pain-sensation, our memory and our mood.

If you’ve heard of or experienced the effects of marijuana, you’ll recognise this. Most governments consider this a drug and inhaling the substance will have a documented effect on your brain and body.

What’s important to note, however, is that the effect of marijuana is a combination of the cannabinoids THC and CBD. Most cannabis plants will contain more THC than CBD. The big difference between these chemical compounds is that THC is psychoactive, whereas CBD is non-psychoactive. In other words, CBD won’t give you the ‘high’ that THC does.

Although research is still ongoing, several health benefits of CBD intake have been documented. When cannabis plants are grown to enhance CBD content and lower THC content, you can enjoy these benefits without the psychological effects of THC.

It is quite interesting to note that the Department of Health and Sciences in the United States have a patent known as the Cannabinoids as Antioxidants and Neuroprotectants’. This very patent claims that the cannabinoids that are Nonpsychoactive in nature, are particularly beneficial to use as they do not come with the toxicity that most individuals encounter after having the psychoactive cannabinoids at relatively high levels. These compounds can either be consumed or naturally produced by our system and they play a vital role in interacting with the central regulatory system of our bodies. They are also likely to manage the levels of homeostasis that affect our regular body processes like mood, appetite and sleep.

CBD is one of the most potent examples of a phytocannabinoid. Although our bodies itself can produce our inherent endocannabinoids that further binds the cannabinoid receptors, both in the peripheral and central nervous system, the phytocannabinoids have a major role in kicking start our central regulatory system, thereby providing a series of benefits.

A brief history of CBD medicinal use

Cannabis has been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. As early as approximately 2700 BCE, Chinese doctors were administering preparations from the flowers and resin of C. sativa (more on the cannabis strands in a moment). This was used to treat menstrual disorders, malaria, absent-mindedness and constipation to name a few. [1]

During the Middle Ages, Islamic doctors used cannabis to treat conditions such as epilepsy, nausea and vomiting and pain. And in Western medicine, cannabis was used as a painkiller during the 1800’s – before things like paracetamol and ibuprofen had been invented.[2]

In newer medicine cannabis has been used as a medication for epilepsy, pain, muscle spasms, insomnia and anxiety. The medical research is still inconclusive, however. The WHO still categorises cannabis under their Management of substance abuse section. But even this organization notes that health benefits have been documented.

This hasn’t stopped supplement producers from launching products containing CBD oil, and medical research does indicate that CBD can have positive health effects. The main argument here is that CBD must be pure, and THC content must be as low as possible. Let’s take a look at these two chemical compounds in cannabis.

[1] Abel EL. Marihuana, the first twelve thousand years. New York, NY: Plenum Press; 1980.

[2] Devinsky, Orrin, et al. "Cannabidiol in patients with treatment-resistant epilepsy: an open-label interventional trial." The Lancet Neurology 15.3 (2016): 270-278.

Where does CBD come from? 

CBD comes after it is extracted and eventually separated from the various types of cannabis. It is the second most compound which is found so abundantly in Cannabis. About 40% of the cannabis extracts contain this compound. CBD is present in both the psychoactive cannabis like that of marijuana and the non-psychoactive variants like hemp. However, most of the legal CBD products that are available in the market are usually the extracts of hemp.

structural formulas cannabinoids

CBD is one of the more than sixty compounds that are reportedly found in cannabis. They belong to a molecular class popularly known as the cannabinoids. Among these different elements, THC and CBD are mostly present in the maximum amounts and they are therefore recognized and studied extensively. The levels of THC and CBD are seen to vary among the different types of plants. The marijuana which is mostly grown for recreational purposes is often seen to have more concentrations of THC compared than CBD. However, certain selective breeding techniques are used by the cannabis breeders and these techniques have ended up developing more varieties with higher levels CBD and almost zero levels of THC. Although these strains are mostly rare, yet they have turned out to be incredibly popular in the last few years.

In stark contrast to marijuana the federal laws lets you cultivate, process and market hemp and hemp based products. This includes cannabinoids which is derived from industrial hemp. The farm bill was passed by the government and was signed into the law by the President in the year 2014 and according to this bill hemp can be legally grown and cultivated in those states where it is legal to grow.

The endocannabinoid system of our body too is completely involved in those processes that play a vital role in keeping our bodies balanced all way round. This includes proper balance in the appetite, mood, memory and functions of the immune system. Our body comes up with its own cannabinoid which plays a vital role in supporting this regulatory method. The CBD supplements the endocannabinoids which are naturally created in an attempt to keep our receptors functioning at an optimal level. Just like Vitamin C, kick starts our immune functions, the CBD kick starts the central regulatory functions of our body.

Although CBD is often confused as THC, it has been observed that consuming CBD does not cause any high like THC. Although this makes CBD a weak choice for users who use cannabis for recreational purposes, it still turns out to be chemically advantageous as a medicine. This is mostly because health professionals look out for treatments with CBD with the most minimal side effects.
Cannabidnoid is considered to be non-psychoactive because it does not follow the same pathways as THC. These pathways are widely known as the CB1 receptors. They are concentrated in our brains and completely responsible for the mind altering effects that are caused by THC. According a review published in the 2011 Current Drug Safety version, CBD is found to not interfere with the psychomotor and psychological functions in humans. The author has further added that extensive studies suggest that CBD is well tolerated among the masses and completely safe even under the highest doses.

CBD is observed to provide natural protection against the high caused by marijuana. Several studies suggest that the intoxicating effects of THC are reduced by CBD. These effects include paranoia and also memory impairment. It has been further observed that the sleep inducing effects caused by THC are aptly counteracted by CBD. This is exactly why some good strains of CBD, increases your alertness. According to researches and studies, both THC and CBD are found be safe from the risks of lethal overdose. However, in an attempt to reduce the potential side effects, medical users will be comparatively more physically fit and active if they use higher doses of CBD on a consistent and regular basis.

THC and CBD in cannabis

As we mentioned above, the main chemical compounds in cannabis are THC and CBD. Like all plants, cannabis grows in what’s called different strains. The species that have been used most for medicinal purposes are


Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica.

indica plantsativa hemp plant

On average and growing naturally, Cannabis indica has a higher ratio of THC to CBD whereas Cannabis sativa has a lower level of the compounds in relation to each other. This is in general, though, and there will be big differences between

each individual plant.

However, recent breeding of cannabis has seen the potential for growing plants with as high as a 22:1 ratio of CBD to THC. These plants are particularly beneficial to the manufacturing of CBD oil.

Managing to control the ratio of THC to CBD in cannabis is crucial when the aim is to use cannabidiol as a health supplement. Too much THC, and you’ll end up with all the unwanted psychological effects of cannabis. Let’s take a closer look at what these are.

Effects of THC on your brain

As we mentioned briefly above, THC is a psychoactive agent. Which literally means that it activates psychological processes in your brain. THC stimulates the cannabinoid receptors in our brains, which are linked to our ability to make decisions, the consolidation of short-term and long-term memory, and motor control.

In other words, THC is what gives users a marijuana ‘high’. Interestingly, research has shown that there are more cannabinoid receptors in those parts of the brain that would be expected.[1] Considering the psychoactive symptoms of cannabis smokers, researchers scanned the areas of the brain that would presumably trigger the symptoms – and found high levels of cannabinoid receptors.

So it’s safe to say that THC affects your brain – and quite substantially if you smoke marijuana regularly and in large doses. What’s particularly damaging, however, is the length of time cannabis, and thus THC, is consumed.

In 2014, a study was published that didn’t leave a shred of doubt as to the psychological long-term effects of smoking marijuana. In it, the participants were selected on the basis of whether they were regular or occasional cannabis smokers.

The research found that regular smokers had a lower amount of grey matter than the occasional ones after a three-month period.[2] Grey matter is the darker tissue of our brain, which consists of neuronal cells. So THC actually decreases your ability to remember and process feelings.

[1] Mackie, K. "Cannabinoid receptors: where they are and what they do." Journal of neuroendocrinology 20.s1 (2008): 10-14.

[2] Battistella, Giovanni, et al. "Long-term effects of cannabis on brain structure." Neuropsychopharmacology 39.9 (2014): 2041-2048.

Effects of CBD on your body. Does CBD get you high?

So what does CBD do to the body? CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. In other words, it won’t activate the psychological processes that THC does.

As such, it would be accurate to say that CBD is responsible for most of the health benefits associated with the cannabis plant. Seeing as it doesn’t trigger your cannabinoid receptors, you won’t experience any ‘high’ or long-term psychological effects.

Instead, CBD activates other, and much more beneficial, processes in your body. Research has shown that this oil has anxiolytic effects, meaning that it reduces anxiety. Other reported effects are:

  • protection of healthy cells from cancer cells
  • decreasing the number of seizures in epileptics
  • lowering the blood pressure
  • reducing inflammation in the body

So the potential areas of medicinal use for CBD oil are vast. They range from treating anxiety to slowing the growth of tumours. This has caused a big increase in research done on CBD and the health benefits the oil can give us.

Research on CBD oil

There are literally hundreds of studies published on the health benefits of CBD oil. Considering the documented health benefits of cannabis as a whole, researchers are keen to find out what CBD can do when the level of THC is lowered to a minimum.

See our research page for CBD for more information

The main focus in medical research has been on cancer, epilepsy, anxiety, schizophrenia, multiple sclerosis, diabetes and psoriasis. Although most of the studies have proved positive results of CBD, there is still controversy surrounding cannabis use for medicinal purposes.

This can be explained by two things: the recency of CBD as a supplement, and politics. All new medicine is just that: new. It requires a huge amount of conclusive research to become mainstream. Most likely, CBD will be accepted as a remedy for a number of conditions within a few years.

Politically, this is problematic. Cannabis is still considered a drug by most governments. Even though CBD may help in medicine, the danger of THC and its effects on the brain continuous to remain the main focus.

This most likely means that while the medical research is in place, it will still take time for laws to change. It’s all a matter of volume. If more and more patients testify to the benefits of CBD oil, and doctors back them up, legislation will eventually change.

CBD has proved to be highly beneficial in the treatment of particularly some conditions. Below we delve deeper into this research and try to identify which benefits have actually been established by the medical community.

CBD and cancer research

Cancer research is an enormous medical field. Since this disease has entered the spotlight so heavily worldwide, doctors across the globe are attempting to find new ways to combat it. This has also seen a rise in natural and experimental medicine. Some of it’s worked, while other treatments have been pure scams.

CBD has antineoplastic properties. This means that the cannabinoid works against tumours, by either preventing, slowing down, or stopping the growth. Several studies have substantiated this.

In 2011, a research paper was published in the Molecular Cancer Therapeutics journal, which showed that ‘cannabidiol induces programmed cell death in breath cancer cells.’[1] In this study, CBD stopped the cancer cells from signalling properly, thus causing them to stop growing.

It’s important to note that antineoplastic does not mean that CBD will kill cancer cells. Rather, the oil prevents cancer cells from growing and protects healthy cells from being infected. CBD has also been found to be effective in the treatment of colon cancer.

CBD and epilepsy research

As far back as the 1860’s, cannabis was found to be helpful in the treatment of epilepsy. One case names a patient, John K, visiting one Dr. Reynolds for seizure treatments, which occurred every two weeks.

After administering cannabis indica, the patient had no fits for 6 months. When John K. stopped attending the doctor’s office, the seizures returned immediately. So already 150 years ago, cannabis proved useful in the treatment of epilepsy.

A study published late in 2015 found that cannabidiol administered to patients with treatment-resistant epilepsy might reduce the frequency of seizures.[2] The pharmaceutical company GW Pharmaceutical is currently doing medical trials to release a 99% CBD drug to treat epilepsy syndromes including Dravet syndrome, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Infantile spasms.

Although several medical studies have indicated that CBD is beneficial to epileptics, a 2016 review still states that the quality of the data is too poor to draw any conclusions. This goes to show that increased research is needed before CBD will be considered an effective and safe treatment for epilepsy.

CBD and anxiety research

CBD has been proved to regulate the experience of anxiety in people suffering from this condition. Anxiety is also called learned fear, and can be extremely inhibiting to those who experience it.

Chronic anxiety means that the patient experiences long-term fear or a feeling of worry, particularly for the future. This can manifest itself in being afraid of small tasks, such as making coffee, or larger tasks, such as attending a job interview.

In a review of several studies from November 2016, researchers found substantial evidence of CBD health benefits to people suffering from anxiety. The oil worked differently in different patients, but in three primary ways:

  1. CBD decreases immediate expression of fear
  2. CBD disrupts the reconsolidation of memories, which inhibits a sustained fear when particularly frightening memories are remembered
  3. CBD makes the psychological process of extinction stronger – this is where learned fear is inhibited or stopped altogether[3]


To put it more bluntly, CBD makes it easier for people with anxiety to experience a sense of calm. Instead of frightening memories strengthening a learned fear, the CBD weakens this link. This makes it possible for patients to remember difficult things, without the memories contributing further to their anxiety.

In another research paper from 2017, British researchers found that cannabidiol can regulate emotions and the processing of emotional memories. The oil was particularly helpful in reducing negative feelings related to so-called drug memories.[4] This study came after the 2016 review of CBD and treatment of anxiety, but only goes to strengthen the argument for CBD as anxiety treatment.

CBD and schizophrenia research

Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that makes it difficult for the schizophrenic to discern between what is real and what is imagined. This leads to abnormal social behaviour and is often accompanied by other mental health challenges.

Generally, the treatment for schizophrenia is comprehensive, including strong antipsychotic medication, counselling, training for work and social rehabilitation. Even with these aids in place, patients still experience a challenging everyday life.

One of the main reasons CBD receives such positive reviews from medical researches is the lack of side-effects the treatment comes with. The oil appears to have medicinal treatment abilities, with herbal side-effect tendencies. Seeing as most Western and modern medicine comes with a long list of potential side effects, this is extremely valuable.

In 2012, the results of a double-blind clinical test using cannabidiol to treat schizophrenia was published in the journal Translational Psychiatry.[5] The trial was conducted using cannabidiol vs. amisulpride, a commonly used antipsychotic medicine.

The researches concluded with two things in their publication:

  • “Both treatments were safe and lead to significant clinical improvement (…)”
  • “Cannabidiol displayed a markedly superior side-effect profile.”

In essence, this research paper argued that cannabidiol may “(represent) a completely new mechanism in the treatment of schizophrenia”. It should still be noted that the authors were very clear about one thing: THC is potentially harmful to people suffering from schizophrenia. In other words, the cannabidiol needs to be pure for it to work optimally on these patients.

Another paper, published in 2006, suggested that CBD monotherapy “may not be effective for (treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS))”[6] In this trial, three patients were given CBD as their only medication for TRS.

One patient experienced a mild improvement, whereas the two others did not experience any changes in symptoms. The study did note, however, that CBD caused no side-effects in the patients, who all tolerated the medicine well.

CBD and multiple sclerosis research

Multiple sclerosis (MS) causes damage to the cover that insulates the nerve cells in the brain and spinal chord. The result is that the nervous system is unable to communicate effectively with the rest of the body.

People suffering from MS can experience the disease as intermittent attacks, known as relapsing forms, or as building up over time (progressive forms). Symptoms are widespread and different from patient to patient.

Generally speaking, problems with the autonomic nervous system, vision, motor functions and sensations are the most common symptoms. But because MS affects the nervous system, it can manifest itself almost anywhere in the body.

There is no cure for MS. Treatment is usually focused on preventing new attacks (relapsing forms) or strengthening the body (progressive forms). When no medicinal treatment exists, it’s natural for patients to look elsewhere for help. This has led to several trials examining CBD as a potential treatment for multiple sclerosis.

In a study done on mice, which was published in 2013 in the Neurobiology of Disease Journal, CBD proved to have significant effects on the disease’s viral stage. These were long-lasting and actually “(…) (improved) motor deficits associated with the disease.”[7]

What most studies on CBD in relation to MS show is that the oil has potent anti-inflammatory properties. In one publication, the authors noted that “(…) phytocannabinoids like cannabidiol (CBD), devoid of psychoactive activity, are, potentially, safe and effective alternatives for alleviating neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration.”[8]


CBD and diabetes research

Diabetes is the common name for a group of diseases that affects the metabolic system in our bodies. In the three types of diabetes, the level of glucose in the blood is too high (blood sugar). Furthermore, the body is not able to produce enough or respond accurately to insulin.

Insulin is a metabolic hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates our metabolism of protein, fats and carbohydrates. It’s particularly important in the regulation of our blood sugar level. Patients with type 1 diabetes don’t produce any insulin at all, and are provided with insulin shots.

Without correct treatment, diabetes can be extremely harmful. A few decades ago, type 1 diabetes was often lethal. Long-term complications of diabetes can include stroke, heart disease, and chronic kidney failure. Damages to the vision is also common in complications.

Extensive research documenting the effects of CBD on diabetic mice has been published. In Neuropharmacology in 2008, the results of one such study was entitled “Cannabidiol arrests onset of autoimmune diabetes in (non-obese diabetic) mice”[9]

This paper showed that CBD actually prevented the disease from manifesting in mice displaying initial symptoms of diabetes: “Diabetes was diagnosed in only 32% of the mice in the CBD-treated group, compared to 86% and 100% in the emulsifier-treated and untreated groups, respectively.”

In another study, published by the Department of Ophthalmology of Augusta University, it was found that CBD protects the retinal neurons in diabetic rats. Since diabetic retinopathy causes blindness in millions of adults across the globe, these findings are substantial.

The Journal of the American College of Cardiology published yet another study in 2010. Here, the conclusion after administering CBD to diabetic mice reads “(…) (the) results (…) strongly suggest that (CBD) may have great therapeutic potential in the treatment of diabetic complications (…)”.

All in all, this indicates that CBD may have the potential for substantial health benefits to diabetics. This is particularly in relation to complications caused by the metabolic disease.


CBD and psoriasis research

Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that causes patches of abnormal skin. Generally, these areas are red, inflamed, itchy and sometimes scaly. The skin condition can be painful, uncomfortable and as of today, there is no cure for psoriasis.

There are five main types of psoriasis, where plaque psoriasis is the most common one (90% of instances). This generally appears as red patches on the skin, with white scales covering them. Plaque psoriasis is most common on the back, forearms, scalp and shins.

CBD has potent anti-inflammatory properties, as we’ve seen previously in this guide. The oil also has inhibitory effects on the rapid increase in certain types of cells (such as cancer cells, to name one). Psoriasis is an inflammatory disease.

Already in 2007, the Journal of Dermatological Science published the results of a study on CBD and its anti-inflammatory effect on psoriasis. These showed that “(…) cannabinoids inhibit keratinocyte proliferation, and therefore support a potential role for cannabinoids in the treatment of psoriasis.”[10]

Keratinocyte is the medical term for skin cells, and the research concluded, in other words, that CBD prevents the rapid increase of inflamed psoriasis skin patches. Again, this shows that while CBD doesn’t necessarily cure a disease, it can have substantial remedial effects.

[1] Shrivastava, Ashutosh, et al. "Cannabidiol induces programmed cell death in breast cancer cells by coordinating the cross-talk between apoptosis and autophagy." Molecular cancer therapeutics 10.7 (2011): 1161-1172.

[2] Devinsky, Orrin, et al. "Cannabidiol in patients with treatment-resistant epilepsy: an open-label interventional trial." The Lancet Neurology 15.3 (2016): 270-278.

[3] Jurkus, Regimantas, et al. "Cannabidiol regulation of learned fear: implications for treating anxiety-related disorders." Frontiers in Pharmacology 7 (2016).

[4] Lee, Jonathan LC, et al. "Cannabidiol regulation of emotion and emotional memory processing: relevance for treating anxiety‐related and substance abuse disorders." British Journal of Pharmacology (2017).

[5] Leweke, F. M., et al. "Cannabidiol enhances anandamide signaling and alleviates psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia." Translational psychiatry 2.3 (2012): e94.

[6] Zuardi, Antonio Waldo, et al. "Cannabidiol monotherapy for treatment-resistant schizophrenia." Journal of Psychopharmacology 20.5 (2006): 683-686.

[7] Mecha, M., et al. "Cannabidiol provides long-lasting protection against the deleterious effects of inflammation in a viral model of multiple sclerosis: A role for A 2A receptors." Neurobiology of disease 59 (2013): 141-150.

[8] Kozela, Ewa, et al. "Cannabidiol inhibits pathogenic T cells, decreases spinal microglial activation and ameliorates multiple sclerosis‐like disease in C57BL/6 mice." British journal of pharmacology 163.7 (2011): 1507-1519.

[9] Weiss, Lola, et al. "Cannabidiol arrests onset of autoimmune diabetes in NOD mice." Neuropharmacology 54.1 (2008): 244-249.

[10] Wilkinson, Jonathan D., and Elizabeth M. Williamson. "Cannabinoids inhibit human keratinocyte proliferation through a non-CB1/CB2 mechanism and have a potential therapeutic value in the treatment of psoriasis." Journal of dermatological science 45.2 (2007): 87-92.

What is hemp?

Nsativa hemp plantow that we’ve gone through CBD’s known effects on diseases, let’s take a look at the hemp plant and what it has to do with CBD production.

Hemp is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species. It’s used extensively, and so production is now at an industrial scale (you may also hear the name ‘industrial hemp’). The plant grows primarily in the northern hemisphere.

Hemp can be used for a number of different things. Some of these are:

  • paper
  • textiles
  • insulation
  • biofuel
  • food
  • animal feed
  • clothing
  • biodegradable plastics

Interestingly enough, hemp was one of the first plants to be spun into fabric, more than 10.000 years ago. Its fibres are strong, which is why hemp can be used for so many different things.

France is the world’s largest producer of hemp, with 70% of the total world production. Hemp is mostly produced by countries in the northern hemisphere, although some Australian states have recently been licensed to grow hemp for industrial use.

Hemp is particularly desirable as a production material because it’s sustainable. This is also why hemp has become such a popular source material in recent years. Now you find stores for almost everything related to hemp, with clothing being particularly desired by western countries.

Seeds from the hemp plant is used for a number of different food products. You can eat these raw, but they can also be ground into hemp meal, or made into dried sprout powder. Leaves from hemp plants can be eaten raw in salads.

Hemp is beneficial as a nutritional supplement. It contains very few carbohydrates (5%), and consists mostly of fats (49%) and protein (31%). In addition to this, hemp is also high in minerals and vitamins. Some of these are B vitamins, magnesium, zinc, iron and dietary fibre.


Hemp for cannabidiol production

As mentioned above, hemp is a Cannabis sativa variety. This is the cannabis plant that’s naturally high in CBD and low in THC. For this reason, hemp is highly beneficial for cannabidiol production.

The primary challenge in extracting CBD from cannabis plants is the ratio of THC to CBD. In some plant species, this psychotic agent is naturally high. For medicinal purposes, however, it’s important that THC content is as low as possible.

In other words, cultivators need cannabis plants that already present a low THC:CBD ratio. The hemp plant is ideal for this, seeing as it needs little tweaking in order to get a pure CBD oil extraction.

Some producers have been able to alter the biochemistry of hemp plants in order to extract the purest form of CBD oil possible. With continuous publication of medical benefits from CBD oil, it’s likely that demand for the hemp plant will continue to rise.

This is also why growers of hemp for CBD oil extraction work constantly to lower THC content in their plants. Currently, some manufacturers are able to extract oil with 99% CBD proportions.

With next to no THC present in the hemp plant, this makes the oil legal by most countries’ drug standards. Remember that THC is the psychoactive agent most governments consider illegal.

As such, hemp is the most beneficial source of CBD oil. When manufacturers can grow plants with controlled CBD:THC ratios it’s possible to cultivate hemp plants specifically for medicinal purposes.

This is good news for those interested in trying out CBD as part of a treatment program. More and more studies are showing concrete health benefits derived from this natural oil. It’s likely that CBD will become a mainstream medicine in the near future.

In spite of this, the potential for THC content in hemp plants and cannabis production for CBD extraction still presents a challenge. Most governments around the world consider cannabis a drug, and legislation always takes time to change.

CBD oil and legal matters

In 1971, the United Nations signed a treaty entitled the Convention on Psychotropic Substances. This was put into place to control the distribution and use of psychoactive drugs such as amphetamine and psychedelics.

Currently, CBD is not listed on this treaty. Seeing as it doesn’t contain THC, the oil is not psychoactive, and doesn’t cause the ‘high’ marijuana gives its users. Still, it’s the amount of THC present in CBD oil that determines the legality of any supplements or medicine.

In the US, 12 states have currently legalised industrial hemp production for CBD extraction These are:

  • California
  • Colorado
  • Indiana
  • Maine
  • Montana
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Oregon
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia

commercial cannabis grown

A number of other states have also legalised production for so-called pilot projects and studies. This shows that acceptance of CBD’s health benefits at a legislative level is starting to take place.

In Australia, CBD is legal for therapeutic use so long as it contains 2% or less of other cannabinoids. This regulation is primarily in place to inhibit any use of THC in the country. CBD is also a prescription drug in Canada, where it’s classified as a Schedule II drug.

As mentioned, France is the main producer of industrial hemp, and several other countries in western Europe also produce the plant. The main regulation in Europe concerning CBD is also related to the THC content.

Generally speaking, this needs to be extremely low (preferably less than 1%) for CBD oil to be considered legal by European governments. Even so, some countries with strict drug regulations, such as Norway, still deems CBD as illegal.

It’s likely that legislation will continue to change, allowing for CBD as a medicinal remedy. With more and more studies proving the benefits of this natural oil, national and international laws will most probably be revised accordingly.

The CBD oil which is made from the industrial hemp plants can be legally bought and sold in the United States Of America. In the year 2014, President Obama backed by Congress signed the Agricultural Act of 2014 also known as the Farm bill. The U.S Federal law clearly states that the industrial hemp based products that contain less than 0.3% THC can be commercially bought and sold in 50 US states. The Section 7606 section too states that cannabinoids produced from industrial hemp can be bought and processed in the US.



CBD Buying Guide

What to look for when buying CBD

1. Third Party Lab Results

While purchasing CBD always look out for the third party lab results. This will help you to test the potency, the solvents, the mycotoxins and the potential pesticides present in CBD or the hemp oil. If any company is reluctant about sharing these details with you, it should automatically be a major red flag further indicating that they have something shady to hide.

2. Labeling of Products

Always pay close attention to the labeling of the product while purchasing CBD. Check if the dosage matches the actual legal dosage of CBD. Also, check if the dosage is of the hemp oil. The varying measurements can make a major difference in the potency of the product you are using.

3. Ask for advice

Finally always make it a pint to ask for advice while you buy the CBD oil products. Don’t be shy to ask about the things that you are unsure of. The market of CBD is still quite immature and young and here the quality control practices are therefore not really the best. So while purchasing a product, don’t just go for it because it is a leading or popular brand. There are several reports which suggest that even the leading brands have dubious methods of quality control. You can also reach out to us, in case of any query or concern about purchasing CBD.

DIfferent Types of CBD Products

It is highly recommended that you conduct your own research on CBD and hemp before you actually purchase it. Here are the following forms in which the CBD products are available.

1. Tinctures

Tinctures- A tincture can be taken by dropping a couple of drops under or on your tongue. The dosage usually ranges between 100 and 1000 mg. These tinctures are also one of the most common CBD applications available in the market. While you purchase a tincture and use it, always make sure that you do not swallow the liquid immediately. It would be a good idea to ingest as per your capacity, sub-bilingually. Place a couple of drops right below your tongue and along the sides of your cheek. Keep this as long as you can.

See the Best CBD Tinctures Product Reviews

2. Capsules

Capsules are probably one of the best ways to add the CBD to your diet as a supplement. It is simpler and, tad, more hassle free to take, when compared to the tinctures. The capsules usually come with 10-25 mgs of CBD. They are also one of the simplest CBD products to add to your daily regimen. Take one capsule or as many needed daily with water.

See the Best CBD Capsules Product Reviews

3. Concentrates

The concentrates of CBD usually contain the maximum amount of this supplement compared to any other CBD product. It is even like to contain 10 times the amount of concentrate found in the conventional CBD products. The concentrates are also highly convenient because they take only a couple of seconds to consume.

This product is also widely popular among the people who are really busy but are still looking to have some high dosages of CBD. Just like the tinctures, these concentrates too are to be placed right under your tongue along the sides of your cheeks after which you can ingest it slowly.

See the Best CBD Concentrate Product reviews

4. Topical

Nowadays, more and more brands are adding CBD to their topical products. It is now widely found in the lotions, lip balms and body washes for the various skin benefits it comes with. The topical of CBD is said to reduce the pain associated with inflammation, acne, psoriasis, anti aging and chronic pain as well.

Likewise, it is also said to have potent capabilities in treating cancer and age related issues. While you purchase the topical products always try to look out for the keyword in the product labels. These keywords indicate whether the product uses nano technology, micellization or the encapsulation of the CBD. This also shows that if their CBD solution can carry the compound through the dermal layers instead of merely staying on the skin.

The topical infused with CBD are typically suggested to be used like any other body care product. Use it according to your convenience or when you experience skin issues. Applu it generously on your body areas that can benefit from this solution.

See the Best CBD Topicals Product Reviews

5. Sprays

The CBD sprays are said to have the weakest concentration of CBD when compared to other similar products. A typical concentration of CBD spray would range from 1 to 3mg. Here, you will have add one serving of the bottle directly to your mouth. The size of the serving should be labeled directly on the bottle itself. Usually a conventional CBD concentration spray would range between 1 and 3mg. Use this daily according to your needs.

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6. Vaping

According to the reviews, smoking or vaping the CBD vape oil is likely to have lesser effects when compared to the other popular methods of handling and administering CBD. These include the tinctures, sprays and the capsules. There are several others, however, who argue that smoking or vaping the CBD has relatively lesser drawbacks than orally consuming it as the latter might lead to the inconsistent absorption further leading to delayed effect.

You will need an e-cigarette for using the CBD vape oil. Here, you can also use a vape pen or a vaporizer. Simply add the necessary heat and inhale the amount of vape oil as per your convenience.

See the Best CBD Vape Oil Products Reviews

See the Best CBD Vape Pens Reviews